When should an ENT specialist be consulted?

If you suffer from the following symptoms, it is advisable to consult an ENT specialist: Ear related discomfort: persistent pain, hearing loss or hearing problems, chronic ear infections, tinnitus (whistling in the ear) Discomfort related to the nose and / or sinuses: snoring, loss of smell, allergic reactions Symptoms affecting the throat or larynx: difficulty swallowing, lumpy speech, swollen lymph nodes or paralysis

What medical emergencies are there in ENT medicine? Who should be contacted in an emergency?

Luckily, ENT emergencies are rather rare, but should be taken seriously as they are often life-threatening. Here is a general list of possible situations that could be considered ENT emergencies:

  • Severe nosebleed for more than 10 minutes (accompanied by drowsiness and dizziness)
  • Neck injuries with or without bleeding
  • Acute respiratory failure (choking or swallowing)
  • Acute pain or infection
  • Loss of hearing, voice, balance, sense of taste or smell

In urgent emergencies, you can reach the ambulance in Belgium on 144 and the European emergency number on 112.

Is there an official directory for ENT doctors in Belgium?

There are over 700 ENT doctors across Belgium. They work in hospitals, ENT clinics or in their own ordinations. To find an expert in your area, you can use the specialist search of the Belgium Society ( neus keel oorspecialist Oostende) for Otorhinolaryngology.

Do I have to be referred by the family doctor for an appointment with the ENT doctor?

It is generally recommended that you also consult your family doctor before making an appointment with a specialist. The general practitioner issues a referral slip, which must then be presented to the specialist in the practice along with an e-card. However, many ENT doctors also accept people without a special referral. If you are unsure, simply contact the respective ENT practice.

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Are the costs for a visit to the ENT doctor covered by the health insurance?

Up to 100% of the costs for a visit to the ENT doctor are covered by the respective health insurance company.

What can I expect from the ENT doctor?

An audiologist is usually consulted on the recommendation of the family doctor. In order to make the diagnosis easier for your ENT doctor and to provide the best possible advice, your anamnesis (medical history) should be available before the visit. The documents can be:

  • Medication you are currently taking for other conditions
  • Results that you already from previous tests exist
  • Possibly a summary of your personal and family medical history

An appointment with the ENT doctor usually begins with questions about your symptoms and / or the pain and discomfort you feel. In the latter case, it is further determined where and under what circumstances they occur. You will also be asked whether there are similar cases in your family.

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Then the affected organ is examined in order to understand the cause and effect of the symptoms. The ears and nose are examined with a speculum and the throat with a small spatula. After the examination, the ENT doctor can usually make an initial diagnosis and define further steps: the necessary treatment, further tests and possibly a referral to another specialist.


In the Ear, Nose and Throat Medicine (ENT) department, we deal with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases in the head and neck area . These include diseases of the nose and sinuses , the ear and the (peripheral) equilibrium organs , the mouth , the throat , the larynx , the salivary glands and the facial skull .

This specialty includes the clarification of a common cold, the operation of tonsils and polyps, as well as the surgical removal of a tumor, plastic surgery and reconstructive surgery in the head and neck area. The ENT doctor also treats allergies and snoring. The patients belong to all age groups – from toddlers to senior citizens.

The doctors cater to the special needs of their patients. For example, there are special hearing tests for babies that work without their involvement.

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  • ENT specialists can acquire the additional title of “plastic and aesthetic operations” after completing their specialist training. In addition to the theory, this also includes an extensive practical side and lasts two years.
  • In further training, assistants have to learn different surgical interventions, for example rhinoplasty, otoplasty, operations for malformations of the nose, the auricle, the face and the skin, reconstruction of paranasal sinuses, flaps of various degrees of difficulty, removal of cartilage and bone grafts, aesthetic facial surgery including scar corrections and Contour enhancement.


For the field of ear, nose and throat medicine, two different specialist competencies can be achieved:

  • Specialist in ear, nose and throat medicine
  • Specialist in speech, voice and children’s hearing disorders

The further training period for ENT is divided into:

  • 24 months of basic training in ENT and
  • 36 months of further training to become an ENT specialist at a further training facility , six months of which can be credited in the field of surgery or pathology or in anesthesiology, pediatric and adolescent medicine, maxillofacial surgery, neurosurgery or speech, voice and children’s hearing disorders and up to twelve months in outpatient care Area to be served. – Explore More
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