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US Senate votes to reinstate methane rules loosened by Trump 

Congressional Democrats are moving to reinstate regulations designed to limit potent greenhouse gas emissions from oil and gas fields, as part of a broader effort by the Biden administration to tackle climate change.

The Senate approved a resolution Wednesday that would undo an environmental rollback by Donald Trump that relaxed requirements of a 2016 Obama administration rule targeting methane emissions from oil and gas drilling.

The resolution was approved, 52-42. Three Republican senators – Susan Collins of Maine, Lindsey Graham of South Carolina and Rob Portman of Ohio – joined Democrats to approve the measure, which only needed a needed a simple majority under Senate rules.

The legislation now goes to the Democratic-controlled House, where it is expected to win approval.

The EPA approved the looser methane rule last year. The agency’s former administrator, Andrew Wheeler, declared the change would “strengthen and promote American energy” while saving companies tens of millions of dollars a year in compliance requirements.

Democrats and environmentalists called it one of the Trump administration’s most egregious actions to deregulate US businesses. Methane is a potent greenhouse gas that contributes to global warming, packing a stronger punch in the short term than even carbon dioxide.

Preventing methane leaks at oil and gas sites “is a huge part of how we prevent a 1.5C rise in global temperatures,” a key aim of the climate movement, said Democratic senator Martin Heinrich

Heinrich, a member of the Senate energy and natural resources committee, co-sponsored the resolution under the Congressional Review Act, which allows Congress to overturn certain regulations that have been in place for a short time. The Trump rule was finalized last September.

Heinrich called the resolution “a no-brainer,” saying that preventing leaks of methane – a type of natural gas – will save companies money, put people to work and help prevent global warming.

“I’m surprised and a little disappointed this is not broadly bipartisan,” Heinrich said, noting that many energy companies, including Shell, Occidental Petroleum and Cheniere Energy, support reinstatement of the Obama-era rule.

Republican senator Shelley Moore Capito, said Democrats appear intent on demonizing natural gas even though increased natural gas production – spurred by the fracking boom – “actually helped lead to significant reductions in greenhouse gas emissions” over the past decade.

Capito, the top Republican on the Senate environment and public works committee, said Joe Biden “managed to kill thousands of jobs and paralyze America’s energy industry with executive orders” soon after taking office, including withdrawal of a permit for the Keystone XL oil pipeline. Another order, freezing new oil and gas leases on federal lands and waters, “is an economic, energy and national security disaster rolled into one,” she said.

“The forces against natural gas are growing,” she said, adding that many Democrats and environmentalists also oppose coal “or any other energy source that’s not blessed by the Green New Deal.”

Democrats disputed that notion. The Green New Deal – a sweeping but non-binding proposal to shift the US economy away from fossil fuels such as oil and coal and replace them with renewable sources such as wind and solar power – has not been approved in either the House or the Senate.

David Doniger, a climate and clean-energy expert at the Natural Resources Defense Council, said natural gas has “significant leakage” at every stage in the production process, from drilling to movement through pipelines.

Doniger called the Trump administration’s rollback “a free pass for America’s oil and gas companies to keep leaking,” adding, “If you are looking for fast relief from the worst effects of global warming, then methane control is high on your list.”

Heinrich and other Democrats said the methane vote is the first of many steps Congress will take to address climate change.

“Under this Democratic majority, the Senate will be a place where we take decisive, ambitious and effective action against climate change,” said Chuck Schumer.

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